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    Principle

    政治 国際 関連語 ガーディアン MAJOR tween
    • A new proposal for assisted dying | Joel Joffe
      A change in the law is needed. Assisted suicide, but not voluntary euthanasia, should be allowedThe question: Do we have a right to death?For the overwhelming majority of terminally ill patients, the solution to their suffering is quality palliative care, which I enthusiastically support. But there is a small but significant minority of terminally ill patients for whom palliative care is not the solution, and who suffer terribly until they die. Some of these people wish to end their suffering by ending their lives, and would like assistance to do this, in a way which would enable them to bring their lives to an end with dignity at a time and place of their choice, which would normally be at home surrounded by their loved ones.However under our current law, helping even a terminally ill person who is suffering unbearably to die at his or her request, would be a crime punishable under the 1961 Suicide Act with up to 14 years imprisonment.The only way to prevent such suffering appears to me to be to change the law, so as to allow such patients to lawfully receive assistance to die. Assisted suicide would, in these circumstances, be a compassionate and ethical response to a desperate need. A good rather than a harm, and complementary rather than in opposition to palliative care.The principle underpinning this proposal to change the law is the human right of all individuals to decide for themselves how to lead their lives, which would include their choice on how and when to die at a time their lives are coming to an end. However, it is clear that this right must be subject to the limitation, that in ending their own lives, patients must not indirectly harm other vulnerable members of society.It follows that in meeting the need to alleviate the suffering of some individuals, 法の変更が必要です

    • Magistrate reverses judgment and jails merchant for insider trading
      A magistrate admitted yesterday that his decision to spare a merchant convicted of insider dealing from a jail term and a fine was based on the "wrong principle". Magistrate Anthony Yuen Wai-ming on August 19 ordered toy merchant Pablo Chan Pak-hoe to perform 240 hours' community service for making an unjust profit of HK$120,000 on the insider deal. 判事は、彼の決定は刑期から対処するインサイダーで有罪判決を受けた商人を割いて、昨日認め罰金は。。u0026quot;間違ったの原則。。u0026quot;に基づいていた

    • News Analysis: International troops bound for West Bank?
      A report in a Jordanian newspaper suggesting the Palestinians want to see an international force deployed along the borders of any future Palestinian state has sent ripples around the diplomatic world over the weekend. The newspaper Al-Ghad quoted Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas as saying that he will enter direct peace talks with Israel if the Israelis accept in principle the deployment of foreign troops around the borders of what are presently referred to by the international community ... パレスチナ人を示唆する報告は新聞ヨルダン状態パレスチナの将来したい参照してくださいすべての境界線に沿って国際部隊を展開し、週末、世界中の外。波紋を持って送信されます

    • Michael Tomasky: McChrystal out, Petraeus in
      By the time it happened, the firing of Stanley McChrystal had largely been drained of drama. We knew this morning that he went to the White House, stayed a mere 30 minutes and left, suggesting that he would not be standing next to Obama at any microphones later that day.So when Obama finally did announce his sacking, it was expected. It was, as I finally came around to writing last night, the best move Obama had. From a constitutional perspective, Obama had to lay claim to the principle of civilian control over the military. And he had to show that he couldn't be rolled. He's let himself be rolled in the past. Now he's taken a heavy scalp, a hard one for a liberal Democrat to take. Maybe he'll develop a bit of a taste for it, and maybe it'll make his political opponents (and certain world leaders) take notice. That's not a reason that has anything to do with Afghanistan, but this is politics, after all, and as political reasons go, it's a damn good one.So he did the right thing, and it wasn't surprising. But then the Petraeus part really did surprise me. It's a technical demotion. It's back into the hellmouth after lately being based in Florida. It's the pressure cooker again. One can wonder how much he really wanted to do it. But when a president asks, a military man cannot say no. That's part of the deal.Here's the conventional wisdom via Politico:The choice of Petraeus also signals Obama's strong re-commitment of the Afghan strategy with a military icon whose popularity and credibility in this area is unquestioned. Now as the head of US Central Command in Tampa, Petraeus is in a position to slide into the job and pick up where McChrystal left off when he left Kabul abruptly last night. The choice means that Obama has prevailed over members of his cabinet and senior l それが起こった時には、スタンレーMcChrystalの発火は、主にドラマの排水されていた

    • End of an era
      Debate is on between geologists whether or not mankind's mark on Earth warrants a change to the 12,000-year Holocene age, writes Steve Connor Biologists have their principles of evolution, physicists have their laws of therm... ディベートは、地質学者の間にかどうか、地球を保証12,000年完新世の時代に変化に人類のマークは、進化の、その原理を持っている物理学者はサーム彼らの法律を持って...スティーブコナー生物を書き込みます

    • Dubai World strikes deal with banks on US$23b debt
      Dubai World, the state-owned conglomerate, has reached a deal in principle to restructure US$23.5 billion in debt with the core lenders holding 60 per cent of the exposure. ドバイワールドは、国営大企業、米国にコアの貸し手は60露出パーセント押しながらドルを235億負債の再構築する原則的に契約に達している

    • Central banks must be free from political pressure, Bernanke says
      Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernanke has defended the principle that central banks must be free from political pressure as they bolster regulation and try to prevent future financial crises. 連邦準備理事会のバーナンキ議長は、中央銀行は無料で政治的圧力は規制を強化するとして、将来の金融危機を防ぐためにしようとするから必要原則を守った

    • Uncle Four makes video debut as pitchman for Henderson
      Henderson Land Development chairman Lee Shau-kee is a great believer in the principle "you must spend money to make money". ヘンダーソンランドの開発委員会の李Shau。原則的に偉大な信者は、。。u0026quot;お金のように。。u0026quot;お金を使う必要があります

    • Economic View: Leveling the Playing Field, in Soccer and Finance
      In updating their rules, the financial world and the World Cup could use some of the same principles. そのルールを更新するには、金融の世界とのW杯はいくつかの同じ原則を使用することができます

    • N.Korea willing to talk after escaping UN blame
      North Korea said Saturday it was willing in principle to return to nuclear disarmament talks after the United Nations failed to blame it for a deadly attack on a South Korean warship. 北朝鮮は12日には、原則として、国連が核軍縮協議への復帰を喜んでいた韓国の軍艦に致命的な攻撃のせいに失敗したと述べた

    • Nuclear talks to resume: North Korea
      North Korea says it is willing in principle to return to nuclear disarmament talks after the UN failed to blame it for an attack on a South Korean warship. 北朝鮮は、原則として後の核軍縮交渉に復帰する意向を国連が韓国軍艦への攻撃のせいに失敗したと言う

    • David Cameron and Nick Clegg look to Sweden for inspiration on winning
      Prime minister's closest conservative European ally on course for election victory after four year coalition with liberalsThe Liberal Democrats will be in nervous mood as they gather in Liverpool this weekend for their annual conference.With opinion polls showing a fall in their support, many party members will be asking whether they will suffer the usual fate of junior coalition partners: oblivion at the next election.But hopeful news arrives from Sweden. The Conservative-Liberal coalition appears to be on course for victory in the general election four years after it unseated the mighty Social Democrats.A second consecutive victory for Fredrik Reinfeldt, the Swedish prime minister who leads the conservative Moderate Party, will be a highly significant achievement. The Social Democrats have governed Sweden for 65 of the past 78 years. Centre right governments in Sweden usually just hold power for a few years before voters return to the comforting embrace of the Social Democrats.Reinfeldt's fortunes will be watched carefully by the Tories and the Lib Dems back here. Cameron is a great admirer of Reinfeldt who modelled the modernisation of his party on Tony Blair's creation of New Labour. Reinfeldt calls his party the New Moderates.Cameron was highly impressed with the way in which Reinfeldt upheld conservative principles at the last election in 2006 by pledging to reform Sweden's costly welfare system. But he did so in a careful way to avoid scaring the voters as the party did at the 2002 general election which it lost.So what lessons are there from Sweden for the coalition in Britain? The Economist makes the following observations about why Reinfeldt is ahead. Next to them I assess what lessons there are for the Tory Lib Dem coalition:• Greater unity among the four coa 彼らはリバプールで、今週末年次conference.With世論調査の支持の低下を示すために集まるように選挙での勝利のためのコースで首相に最も近い保守的な欧州同盟国は、liberalsThe自民と4年間の連立後神経気分になります、多くの党員がかどうかは、中学連立パートナーの通常の運命を苦しむ:忘。次のelection.But希望に満ちたニュースをスウェーデンから到着した要求される

    • Letters: The requirements of a decent society
      Since 1948, Britain has supported the principle of social solidarity through state pensions, healthcare, education and other public services provided by society as whole. This idea is now under threat.Whoever wins the next general election will be targeting the welfare state and public services as a way of cutting public expenditure to pay for the mistakes of the bankers and speculators. Never was so much put at risk by so few.What they seem to forget is that good public services are important to everyone at every stage of their life from the cradle to grave. That is why we are supporting the demonstration in London on 10 April to remind all politicians that a civilised, compassionate society needs a welfare state and decent public services that pool life's risks and provide support to all who need it, irrespective of their individual ability to pay.Brendan Barber TUC, Lee Billingham Love Music Hate Racism, Christine Blower NUT, Brian Caton POA, Bob Crow RMT, Jeremy Dear NUJ, Gerry Doherty TSSA, Peter Fisher NHS Consultants' Association, Dot Gibson National Pensioners Convention, Sally Hunt UCU, Tony Kearns CWU, Chris Keates NASUWT, Paul Kenny GMB, Prof Harry Keen NHS Support Federation, Jonathan Ledger Napo, Hamish Meldrum BMA, Lesley Mercer Chartered Society of Physiotherapists, Gerry Morrissey Bectu Keith Norman Aslef, Peter Pendle ACM/AMiE, Dave Prentis Unison, Alan Ritchie Ucatt, Wendy Savage Keep Our NHS Public, Mark Serwotka PCS, Eileen Short Defend Council Housing, Derek Simpson Unite, Vanessa Stanislas Disability Alliance, Christine Steel Carers Poverty Alliance, Gordon Taylor PFA, Tony Woodley Unite, Matt Wrack FBUPublic services policyTax and spendingPublic financeGeneral election 2010LabourConservativesProtestFinancial crisisguardian.co.uk © Guardi 1948年以来、英国は国家年金、医療、教育など公共サービス、社会全体で提供される社会的連帯の原則をサポートしています

    • Policies you should believe in | Stephen Tomkins
      The Church of England has stopped short of telling Anglicans how to vote – and that's probably just as wellThe Archbishops of Canterbury and York have offered a pre-election message to Christians, and I suppose anyone who will listen, telling us how to vote. Surprisingly perhaps, they came out for Ukip.Actually their recommendations are rather less specific than that, and you have to read a long way between the lines to get any concrete party politics. Instead, the kind of principles they suggest that we should vote for are hope, justice and making life better for old people and children.This would be helpful for voters if there were a significant number of parties whose manifestos pledged them to despair, injustice and making life worse for old people and children, as we could then cross them off our list of possibles, but like stealth tax and foreign invasions, these do tend to be policies to bring in after an election rather than highlighting beforehand.My feelings about religious leaders telling people how to vote are totally inconsistent.Hearing Catholic bishops make unsubtle hints that the faithful ought to return a party that has Conservative attitudes to sexual ethics leaves me in a gibbering rage. What right have unelected officials answerable only to Rome and Almighty God to try and sway British elections to satisfy their own dogma?But then, just as I'm about to insist that religious leaders should have no say in party politics, I think of the 1908s, David Jenkins the Bishop of Durham, and the Church of England's Faith in the City report, opposing Thatcherism and the NCB, and I unpredictably feel all warm and fluffy about bishops leading the nation in a principled stand against the powers of darkness.I guess what I feel is that bishops should lead the way so l 教会は、イングランドの短い投票方法を英国国教会を伝えるの停止している - それは、おそらく同じようにカンタベリーとヨークのwellThe大司教は、キリスト教徒に選挙前のメッセージを提供している、と私は聞いてくれる人を想定し、どのように投票する私たちに伝える

    • 'Blood diamonds': Flawed regulator must end half-measures
      The Kimberley Process will only survive if governments and industry stand up for the principles on which it was builtThe Kimberley Process certification scheme is often credited with ending the trade in conflict diamonds. As the blood spilled in Zimbabwe's diamond fields shows, the truth is more complex.The KP set out to ensure that the kind of diamond-fuelled conflict and abuse exposed by Global Witness and others in countries such as Angola, Sierra Leone and Liberia could never happen again. The technical aspects of the scheme are implemented by governments, while NGOs and the diamond industry act as observers.Essentially an import-export control system for rough diamonds, the KP provides a strong economic incentive for countries to join, since members can only trade with each other. To participate, governments must pass national laws and agree to meet the KP's minimum standards to guarantee that their diamond exports are conflict-free.There have been successes: in some African countries the scheme has brought more transparency and increased official diamond revenues for governments. But recent crises have exposed shortfalls.In Zimbabwe the abuses are by a member government, as opposed to a rebel group. This highlights a fundamental flaw in the process: the KP's reliance on consensus among members has allowed regional allies to veto tough decisions on Zimbabwe, which remains a member despite the state-sponsored murder of hundreds of diamond diggers.The most recent agreement allows Zimbabwe a one-off limited export of diamonds from Marange. All further exports are conditional on Zimbabwe demilitarising diamond mining, cracking down on smuggling and ending human rights abuses in Marange.The KP's half-measures and compromises in the face of one of the most egregious case 政府や業界はそれを元にbuiltTheキンバリープロセスの認証スキームされた原則のために立ち上がる場合はキンバリープロセスは多くの紛争ダイヤモンドの取引を終了とクレジットされて存続します

    • Muslim women are not political pawns | Shaista Gohir
      The National Muslim Women's Advisory Group was little more than a tick-box exercise, which is why I had to resignThis week, I resigned from the government's National Muslim Women's Advisory Group (NMWAG), which was launched by the prime minister more than two years ago. We were supposed to influence policies by advising on empowering Muslim women; on issues affecting them; and on their role in preventing violent extremism. We did very little of this and instead were side-tracked into overseeing the delivery of projects, which was not our job. Whenever I raised concerns, my views were ignored by both the group and government.My frustration turned to anger in recent weeks when NMWAG suddenly took steps to be more visible and active after a long period of inactivity. I felt that this move was linked to concerns over a new government disbanding the group due to its lack of impact. I felt extremely uncomfortable about the timing of this renewed interest to empower Muslim women.I felt that I could no longer remain on NMWAG as a matter of principle. It was not an easy decision because I knew my resignation could mean my links to government being severed and damage my relationship with individuals on the group. However, I was compelled to stand up for what I believed in and sent a letter to the current minister for communities and local government, John Denham stating the reasons for my departure. My criticism was directed at NMWAG as an institution and at government policy rather than the individual women on the group. There will be relief that my dissenting voice will no longer pose a problem. However, the messages of support that have poured in since my resignation should tell the group it lacks credibility.By creating a structure that served no purpose, except contributing 国立イスラム女性の諮問グループは少しなぜ私がresignThis 1週間だったがダニボックスの運動、以上のもの、私は政府の国立イスラム女性の諮問グループ(NMWAG)、首相が2年以上発売されたから辞任前

    • Talking Business: The Struggle for What We Already Have
      The angst over net neutrality reaches from boardrooms to living rooms, but take heart: companies will breach its principles at their own peril. Consumers have come to expect an open Internet. ネットの中立性に不安は会議室からリビングルームに達し、心臓を取る:企業は、自ら危険を承知で、その原則に違反します

    • THAI, Tiger Airways plan lowcost airline
      The board of directors of Thai Airways International Plc (THAI) have agreed in principle to co-invest with Tiger Airways Holdings Limited to set up an ultra-low cost, low fare airline, executive director of the Legal Department at THAI Niruth Maneepan said on Monday. タイ国際航空Plcの(タイ)の取締役会は原則的に共同タイガーエアウェイズホールディングス超低コスト、低運。航空会社、タイNiruth Maneepanで法務部のエグゼクティブディレクターを設定する投資に合意した上said月曜日!

    • Cabinet approves land, building tax law
      The cabinet has agreed in principle to the land and building tax bill proposed by the Ministry of Finance, Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva said on Tuesday. キャビネットは、原則として土地と建物に税制法案を財務省が提案したことで合意した、内閣総理大臣Abhisit Vejjajivaのは、明らかにした

    • Suvarnabhumi police station approved
      The cabinet on Tuesday approved in principle a proposal to set up a police station inside Suvarnabhumi international airport, deputy government spokesman Supachai Jaisamut said. 火曜日の閣議は原則としてスワンナプーム国際空港は、副政府報道官はスパチャイJaisamutの提案の中に警察署をセットアップする承認した

    • Thailand to bid for 2020 World Expo
      The cabinet on Tuesday approved in principle for Thailand to propose for hosting Thailand World Expo in 2020, Thailand Convention and Exhibition Bureau (TCEB) director Akrapol Sorasuchart said. 同日の閣議は、原則としてタイの2020年に、タイコンベンション&エキシビション局(TCEB)監督Akrapol Sorasuchartタイ万博をホストするための提案を承認した

    • VW traffic safety television shows
      Volkswagen China released videos in Guangzhou last week for the third year of its television safety education program. The series comprised of 10 five-minute episodes each season has proven popular with Chinese audiences. The company also began an online traffic safety knowledge contest on the popular social networking website renren.com to imbue college students with safe driving principles as more young drivers take to the road in China. &$&$Source:China Daily&$&$ ... フォルクスワーゲン中国は、プログラムの教育ビデオをリリース広州安全そのテレビ昨年週3

    • Obama celebrates July 4th at White House
      WASHINGTON - Calling the Declaration of Independence more than words on an aging parchment, President Barack Obama marked the Fourth of July on Sunday by urging Americans to live the principles that founded the nation as well as celebrate... ワシントンは、 - よりも高齢。羊皮紙で単語を独立宣言を呼び出すと、バラクオバマ大統領は日曜日だけでなく、国家を設立記念の原則を生きるアメリカ人を促すことによって7月4日をマーク...

    • yogalimt Vinyasa Flow TT今日からstartしました
      startしました!vinyasa tt.

    • Legal aid is a price worth paying | Katherine Craig
      Awarding MPs legal aid is a paradoxical but necessary step in achieving an accountable societyNever have I heard quite so many people lamenting the unfairness of the legal aid system as when it transpired this week that public funding had been granted to the three Labour MPs charged with false accounting. Even those who have never shown the slightest interest in the topic have been whipped up into a fervour about the injustice of it all.It's natural to view the use of public money to defend such affluent and unpopular politicians as unfair. But, as Afua Hirsch reluctantly blogged yesterday, no matter how angry we are with MPs, the principle must never be shaken that those facing charges must be properly defended. And the best way of ensuring everyone gets a fair trial is to provide non-means-tested legal aid – then simply recoup public funds at the end of a trial from those who are convicted and could have afforded to pay themselves. This sensible and viable option is not widely publicised, perhaps because, as the government's attacks on legal aid have increased, so too have its efforts to portray its recipients as unworthy and sinister, its lawyers as devious and parasitic and its cost as unnecessarily burdensome. No wonder Cameron is rubbing his over-privileged hands in glee.But there is more to the legal aid debate than defending the unpopular. I don't practice criminal law, instead I predominantly act for bereaved families at inquests following deaths in police and prison custody. These are not your archetypal legal-aid clients and are often motivated by the need to find out why their loved one died – and, more importantly, the desire to ensure no other family has to suffer like they have. Without legal aid their simple search for truth would be virtually impossible 表。議員の法的援助が責任societyNeverを達成するために逆説的なが必要なステップ私は聞いたことがあるが、それほど多くの人々は、この1週間は、公的資金は3つの労働議員で起訴に付与されていた蒸散場合など法律扶助制度の不公平を嘆い。占めている

    • March launch seen for CSI 300 Index futures
      The mainland securities regulator might introduce futures contracts on the country's stock indices as early as March, an official with knowledge of the matter said. The State Council had given the China Securities Regulatory Commission approval "in principle" to introduce index futures, the person said. The first contract, based on the CSI 300 Index, might begin trading after the Communist Party's annual congress in March, the official said. 中国証券監督管理委員国の株価指数は3月、この問題の知識を持つ関係者は、早けれした先物契約を導入することがあります

    • French niqab ban: Beneath the veil | Editorial
      The twin test must be, first, whether the measure has a legimate aim and, second, whether it shows proportionalityThe lower house of the French parliament passed a law on Tuesday which, according to the interior ministry, would directly effect fewer than 2,000 people out of a population of 64 million. This alone is worth digesting before considering that the people concerned are Muslim women who wear a full-face veil, or niqab. The authors of the legislation banning the wearing of the niqab in public directed their grandiloquent claims at this tiny target group. The French justice minister, Michèle Alliot-Marie, said on the eve of Bastille Day that the vote was a success for the Republic. France, she went on, is never so great, never so respected as when it is united around its values.Set to one side legal doubts about whether this law is compatible with guarantees of religious freedom and equality, as interpreted by France's constitutional council. In principle – and, indeed, in the forum of the European court of human rights – the twin test must be whether the measure, first, has a legitimate aim (public security or promotion of gender equality, perhaps) and, second, whether it shows proportionality. Is the measure proportionate to the aim being achieved? This, say legal experts, presents the sticking point.And cast aside, for one moment, questions about whether the niqab demeans women or whether the practice is inherently Islamic. (Some scholars say all that is required by Islamic law is modesty in dress, and there is no requirement to cover the face). President Nicolas Sarkozy said the niqab degraded women and many will agree. But that is not how the legislation has been framed. It makes the dress illegal on the grounds that it constitutes a challenge to public ord ツインテストは、最初に、かどうかを測定し、2番目かどうか、それは日が、内務省によると、直接2,000人のうちより少ない影響とする法律を可決フランス議会のproportionalityThe衆院shows legimate目的があるということがあります6400万の人口の

    • Letters: Denial of gay rights adds to risk of Aids
      It is with grave dismay that we learn of the imprisonment of Steven Monjeza and Tiwonge Chimbalanga (Malawian gay couple jailed for 14 years, 21 May) and join with numerous southern African organisations in condemning the decision and the impact it will have on the individuals and the principle of universal human rights.The denial of human rights of all kinds has a very negative effect on the Aids response. Men who have sex with men are at risk of HIV transmission in all regions of the world, including Africa. The more marginalised they become, the higher the risk, and this decision – which runs contrary to stated government policy on HIV and the rights enshrined in the constitution of Malawi – will drive them further away from the information and services essential to an effective HIV response. Stigma and discrimination have potent consequences – countless thousands have died from HIV as a result of silence and fear.A commitment to human rights is essential to securing equitable and fair development. It must be an intrinsic part of the effort to end the spread of HIV. The eyes of the world are now on the government of Malawi. We have written to the Malawi high commission calling on them to demonstrate its government's commitment to universal human rights and an effective, inclusive Aids response by releasing the men and moving to repeal laws which deny human rights. We also call on them to take action to combat homophobia in Malawi and to lead an honest and open dialogue on the impact of discrimination against key populations, such as men who have sex with men, drug users and sex workers, on the African Aids response.Alan SmithChair, Stop Aids CampaignMalawiGay rightsAids and HIVHuman rightsguardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010 | Use of this content これは重大なぼう然として、我々はスティーブンMonjezaとTiwonge Chimbalanga(マラウイゲイカップル14年間、投獄の刑を学ぶです5月21日)と、それは個人やに与える影響を決定を非難する数多くのアフリカ南部の組織との結合すべての種類の人権の普遍的な人間rights.The拒否の原理は、エイズの応答に非常に否定的影響を与えません

    • Michael Tomasky: McChrystal, Obama, Democrats, the brass
      Well, as many of you know, since I last posted, the word is that Obama may or may not accept the resignation. We should know Wednesday.I can't think of time I've ever been this undecided about a public question. This is one where I can really see both sides. I'm not trying to be cute or counterintuitive or anything. I can see that Obama needs to be the Democrat who seizes an opportunity to lay down the law against a military commander who clearly crossed a line. I can also see that accepting the resignation creates a s---storm of its own kind and may hurt the mission.Stepping back, it seems to me that this is a really difficult choice between core principles of civilian command over the military on the one hand and on the other...well, I find as I'm writing this, I'm having difficulty formulating the other. I paused there. So maybe there isn't a countervailing principle. Maybe there's just the expediency of not pissing off the Pentagon, not creating disarray, not giving Dick and Liz the chance to pop off, not making a martyr of McChrystal. Actually, in the modern media drenched world, maybe that last one is a principle. Don't make heroes of your enemies.I think now, everyone expects that Obama is going to let the general stay on. So for that reason if no other one, he ought to can his ass and signal to Washington and the country that he's not as predictable as everyone thought. That would, at this point, trump everything else and establish a principle of its own that might pay dividends in other realms down the road.Barack ObamaAfghanistanMichael Tomaskyguardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010 | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds まあ、あなたがたの多くは、以来、私は最後の投。知っている単語は、オバマ、または辞表を受理しないことがあります可能性があります

    • Does Faith trump equality? | The Question
      When religions believe they must discriminate on grounds of sex, or gender, or of belief, what should the state do?The arguments in the House of Lords over the government's equality bill have brought out a clash of principle. The government, and the secularists, argued that in general freedom from discrimination ought to triumph over bigotry. The opposition, and the majority of bishops and religious voting, claimed that the right of religions to determine their own doctrines without state interference was under threat. So, bigotry or tyranny?Obviously, we would rather have neither. But what is the best route to that happy state? And how should we determine where the boundary of acceptable religious belief lies? The government side made clear in the debate that scientology was not a qualifying religion. But what are the religious beliefs which society must proscribe, however sincerely they are held? And what are proper limits of government power? Are these shifting? Has the pendulum swing too far, as Lord Patten, the former conservative politician, claimed in the Lords debate?Monday's responseJonathan Bartley: Though difficult for some to acknowledge, secularists have shown the church how to be more Christian over the equality billReligionAnglicanismChristianityCatholicismAtheismguardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010 | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds 時の宗教は、性別、性別、または信念を理由に識別しなければならないと考えて、どのような状態にすればいい?貴族の引数は、政府の平等法案の原則の衝突を持ち出している

    • Letters: Extraordinary rendition: the public must have the truth
      In the light of the string of recent revelations, the all-party parliamentary group on extraordinary rendition, Amnesty International UK, Human Rights Watch, Liberty and Reprieve have united to call on the government to establish an independent inquiry into the UK's involvement in extraordinary rendition and the mistreatment of detainees abroad. The public should not have to rely on occasional speeches and lengthy judicial cases to discover the truth about such a serious issue.We propose that such an inquiry should examine, among other issues, the use of UK territory and airspace and the involvement of the intelligence agencies and the armed forces. The inquiry should be guided by the following statement of principles.It should be led by a judge or former judge. It should benefit from appropriate legal representation on the inquiry's panel. This is essential to give the inquiry independence and legitimacy.It should be public, with as much evidence as possible heard in public. The government should disclose all relevant documents to the inquiry, and the head of the inquiry must have the power to decide what should be made public.It should aim to achieve maximum possible disclosure.It should publish a report, making any necessary recommendations, including those on changes to the law and/or policy.It should consider any other such matters as it considers appropriate, and accept and consider written submissions from interested parties.All-party parliamentary group on extraordinary rendition, Amnesty International UK, Human Rights Watch, Liberty, ReprieveHuman rightsCIA renditionForeign policyUS foreign policyguardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010 | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds 特別な演出で、最近の印の文字列の光では、政府に特別な演出では、英国の関与に独自の調査を確立するための呼び出しには、全政党会派、アムネスティインターナショナルは、英国、ヒューマンライツウォッチは、自由と猶。団結してと被拘禁者の虐待を海外で

    • A hymn for modern times | Roz Kaveney
      We don't plan to publish poetry here regularly, but this, from our contributor Roz Kaveney, was too good to pass upThe creeping limping feet of worn-out godsDisturb my sleep; the rotten little sodsAfter my soul again, that much is clear.They want my love, or failing that my fearI used to be immune to all their chatbut ageing and friends' deaths have weakened that.I need to keep them out; like rats and micethey chitter and they shit, and like head licethey make me scratch and bleed and pick the scabthat once was my belief. They want me draband tortured with self-doubt.They want me slavedto some pathetic hope that I'll be saved.And they can fuck right off. At last I'm freeof all the scruples that imprisoned meAnd manage to be kind without their nudge.I stand here unbelieving will not budgeFor all I quite suspect that they exist;I will not pray, but rather make a fist.The gods that bully us - not worth the spitI'd waste on altars; some god that would sitin cafes, drink espresso, be a friendher I'd consider. I would never sendher prayers - I'd buy her sandwiches and cake.Though there are principles I wouldn't breakFor any god, I'm flexible as hellwhere good times are concerned. A god could sella one-on-one relationship with meno sacrifices, but I'd pour her tea.And no commandments, though I'd take advice.No majesty, no terror, someone nice.We'd flirt a little and then hug goodbyeI'd think about her with a little sighSo, if she's out there, please drop me a line.The others, bearded, threatening, stalking swineI'm done with you. It's over, and we're throughYou angels, virgins, saints and martyrs too.ReligionAtheismChristianityIslamPoetryRoz Kaveneyguardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010 | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds ここでは定期的に詩を公開する予定がないが、これは、私たちの貢献ロズKaveneyからも良いupTheを使い古された私の睡眠をgodsDisturbの足を引きずっ忍び寄る渡すためにされた

    • Unthinkable? First-class travel for MPs | Editorial
      There will be occasions when an MP really will need the quiet, the table and the greater privacy which first-class can better provideThe menu of reasons why MPs and ministers should not travel first-class at the public's expense is extensive. Here is a selection. To be reminded, Gandhi-like, how people live. To spite the snobs, like the former MP Sir Nicholas Winterton. To ensure public money is sparingly used. And, above all, because first-class is much more expensive. Except that actually that isn't necessarily true. Suppose that, in a few weeks' time, William Hague, after a weekend in his constituency, boards a Monday morning train from Darlington to London and returns early the following Friday evening. If he makes the journey on an anytime standard-class return ticket it will cost him, and thus us, £255. Yet if he picks the right non-stop trains, he can currently do it booking in advance in first-class for £157, saving taxpayers £98. Consider Nick Clegg, making the equivalent return journeys from his Sheffield constituency to London and back. An open-ended standard ticket will cost Mr Clegg, and therefore us, £185. But if Mr Clegg is smart, he can make the journeys in first-class for £39, and get a free coffee and an orange into the bargain as well – saving £146. Of course the cheapest journey will mostly be with an advance standard-class ticket. But not invariably. And there will also be occasions, without endorsing Wintertonian snobbery, when an MP or minister really will need the quiet, the table and the greater privacy which first-class can better provide. Austerity is a good principle, but common sense is an even better one.MPs' expensesRail transportguardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010 | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Condit _NULL_

    • Greek bailout looks suspiciously like a sticking plaster
      That's that, then. The Greece problem is fixed and it's back to the races. This, at least, is the conclusion suggested by the stock market's behaviour.The FTSE 100 index is an imperfect guide, but provides a striking illustration. In early February, the index fell to 5060 when it seemed as if Greece's woes would be infectious and hard to solve. Several companies were so scared by the price volatility they scrapped flotation plans. Today, after the eurozone members patched together an aid package for Greece, the FTSE 100 closed at 5727 – a 13% gain in seven weeks if your timing was perfect. In the same period, the economic news has been so-so; it's been a story of a massive rebound in investors' confidence.So you might assume the eurozone members had found a formula that guarantees Greece's problems won't spread and that harmony will prevail when it comes to tackling deeper issues – such as how to stimulate growth in a region with huge trade imbalances.The facts indicate the exact opposite. There have been bitter rows over whether to involve the International Monetary Fund in Greece. Critically, for the first time in decades, deep divisions have opened up between Germany and France. Berlin stands by tough principles; Paris prefers pragmatism. The net result is that the remedy offered to Greece – a combination of IMF assistance and loans from member states – looks suspiciously like a temporary sticking plaster.For now, however, markets appear happy to celebrate the fact that the worst fears about Greece's debt crisis have not been realised immediately. That seems perversely cheerful; the eurozone looks a dysfunctional place, which wasn't the case a few months ago.GreeceEuropeNils Pratleyguardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010 | Use of this content is subj _NULL_

    • Thailand's 2011 fiscal budget approved
      The members of Thai parliament late Thursday night voted 250 to 172 to approved the first reading of the 2.07-trillion-baht (about 63.61 billion U.S. dollars) 2011 draft fiscal budget bill, Thai media reported Friday. After spending over 26 hours to deliberate the bill, the House voted 250 to 172 to approve the bill in principle. According to Bangkok Post online, the House meeting also agreed to set up a 63-member panel to consider details of the draft budget bill and submit to the House m ... タイの国会議員は19日夜の夜法案予算250に選ば年度ドラフトドル)2011米国に172を承認(最初の読書の2.07兆バーツ約63610000000、タイのメディアが報じた

    • Disney agrees to sell Miramax
      The Walt Disney Co. has reached an agreement in principle to sell Miramax Films and its 611-film library to construction executive Ron Tutor for about 650 million U.S.dollars, sources familiar with the situation said on Thursday. According to the Los Angeles Times, Tutor and a group of investors, including Colony Capital, will invest 300 million dollars in equity -- with additional financing coming from minority partners including James Robinson, chairman of Morgan Creek Productions, and an u ... ウォルトディズニー社は木曜日に原則に合意した状。執行ロン同い年の家庭教師、ソース使い慣れた大塚商会ファクトブック2001の約650万ドルの建設販売ミラマックスと611ライブラリをフィルムに達している

    • Trichet Faces Growing Criticism in Europe Debt Crisis
      As the European Central Bank has struggled to contain Europe’s debt crisis, Mr. Trichet has given ground on some principles and opened himself to criticism. 欧州中央銀行は、欧州の債務危機を含むように苦労しているように、氏はトリシェ総裁はいくつかの原則に地上与えているとの批判に自分自身をオープンしました

    • Michael Tomasky: Tea party comes to Congress
      So Michele Bachmann is starting an official tea party caucus in the House of Representatives. The House has all kinds of, well, I guess they're cauci, aren't they? The black caucus, the coal caucus, the diabetes caucus, you name it. So now there will be a tea party caucus.As Politico notes, it will make Republicans, most of whom have preferred playing footsie with the movement but also kind of keeping it at arms' length, declare:Minnesota's Bachmann, a favorite of the tea party movement, earned approval from the Democratic leadership for her caucus late last week. It came as a bit of a surprise to her leadership, whom she didn't forewarn before formally applying to create the caucus......Indeed, the tea party movement is a loaded political weapon for Republicans heading into the midterm elections. Until now, they have had the luxury of enjoying the benefits of tea party enthusiasm without having to actually declare membership. But now that Bachmann has brought the tea party inside the Capitol, House Republican leaders and rank-and-file members may have to choose whether to join the institutionalized movement. It's easy to see why some Republicans may be hesitant, even as the tea party itself fights over the sentiments expressed by the movement's most extreme elements.So it will be interesting to see how many representatives actually sign on the dotted line. If it's not many, maybe the whole thing was overblown. If it's a big number, then who knows? I wouldn't say the tea party will become a third party, as some speculate. I'd think it more likely that it - its leaders and its core principles - just sort of take over the GOP, which is a process that's already begun anyway.The most interesting thing: Mike Pence of Indiana says he's hopping on board enthusiastically. Pence ミケーレバッハは、下院の公式ティーパーティの議員を始めているので

    • 10th ALBA Summit begins in Ecuador
      The 10th Summit of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA) began on Thursday in the Ecuadorian city of Otavalo to discuss regional integration and development. The summit is aimed at seeking inclusion mechanisms for natives and Afro-descendants to apply intercultural and multi-nationality principles, official sources said. About 300 representatives from Bolivia, Venezuela, Nicaragua, Ecuador, Cuba, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and San Vicente and the Grenadines will discuss and i ... (アルバ)アメリカアライアンスボリバル10サミットの開発を日に始まったのエクアドルの都市の木曜日と統合オタバロする方法について説明地域

    • Ann Widdecombe is not cut out to be Vatican ambassador | Andrew Brown
      Making Ann Widdecombe our woman at the Vatican would be a diplomatic disasterIf Ann Widdecombe is really a serious candidate as the next British ambassador to the Vatican, should we next expect the appointment of Melanie Phillips as ambassador to Washington? They are not as different as they may seem – both of them intelligent and energetic women, wildly out of step with majority British beliefs on the things they really care about, and neither known ever to express someone else's opinion. These are qualities that make for good columnists, but the role of a diplomat is a little different. The British ambassador to the Holy See is someone whose job is to understand and mutually interpret the attitudes of the Vatican and the British government and to broaden their mutual sympathy. I can't easily imagine Widdecombe expressing anyone else's opinions, yet that is one of the central skills of diplomacy. Purely as a piece of symbolism, there is something in this appointment to upset most people. For the Vatican, there is the fact of a woman who won't hesitate to tell them what to do; but she won't, when she does so, be representing any significant strand of British opinion. Since she left the Church of England in principled disagreement over women priests, she clearly represents a minority opinion among British Christians. Her contempt for Anglicanism doesn't really fit her to explain the religious landscape of this country. For secularists she is anyway anathema, rather like the post she is proposed to fill. Within the Catholic church, as a prominent straight single lay conservative, she forms part of a minority of, oh, about two. She is certainly not the candidate of the Bishops' conference, but she has also been attacked by the conservative Damian Thompson, who calls her th アンウィデクームにバチカン市国で私達の女性を作る外交disasterIfアンウィデクームだろう本当にバチカン市国の横にある英国大使として深刻な候補は、次のように大使ワシントンにメラニーフィリップスの任命を期待すべき我々は何ですか?彼らは、彼らが見えることがあります、さまざまなされていません - 両者の知的でエネルギッシュな女性は、乱暴に外の部分にステップのイギリスの信念は本当に、と気にもこれまで他の人の意見を誰かを表現するために知られているものに

    • UN sanctions suggest Iran may have overplayed its hand
      Decision by security council's big five to pursue sanctions on Iran was a clear signal that they were not impressedThe agreement by the UN security council's dominant five powers to pursue sanctions against Iran yesterday came as a surprisingly fast riposte to Iran's last-ditch diplomatic efforts to fend off punitive measures, and suggests Tehran may have overplayed its hand.A day earlier, Iranian, Turkish and Brazilian leaders met in Tehran to declare that sanctions had been made irrelevant by their joint diplomatic breakthrough. Iran would embrace a deal agreed in principle with major powers last October, but subsequentlywhich it had walked away from, involving the transfer of some of its enriched uranium stockpile abroad in return for fuel rods for the Tehran research reactor.Yesterday's decision by Russia and China to press on with sanctions with the US, Britain, France and Germany was a clear signal that they were not impressed. The reason seems to be that Iran was over-confident, offering too little and asking for too much.On 6 May, Iran'sforeign minister Manouc。–ehr Mottaki hosted a New York dinner for security council members. Intended as a charm offensive, it backfired when Mottaki insisted that even if the research reactor deal went through, Iran would continue to produce its own 20%-enriched uranium.That declaration, blithely repeated by Iran's foreign ministry on Monday, shocked the assembled diplomats. It marked an aggressive escalation in Iran's enrichment programme and its only civilian pretext to fuel the reactor.Iran caused further alarm by refusing to discuss its enrichment programme with the international community's designated negotiator, the EU's Cathy Ashton.Yesterday's decision will infuriate Turkey and Brazil, who will see it as the established p 決定は、安全保障理事会の5大がイランに制裁を追求するの明確なシグナルは、国連安全保障理事会の支配的な5つの力でimpressedThe契約日、イランに対する制裁を追求することいたイランの土壇場の外交努力かわすために、驚くほど速い反撃として来た制裁措置、オンとオフは、イラン政府は、そのhand.A前日、イラン、トルコ、ブラジル首脳がテヘランでは、制裁は無関係の共同外交関係の打開によって作られていた宣言に会った無謀なことがわかる

    • Keeping the eurozone afloat | Claus Vistesen
      Never mind the blame game, the EU needs to find a mechanism for handling economies that are close to defaultIf the current financial and economic turmoil has its origins in the US economy and its subprime mortgage debacle, most economists would now agree that its locus has slowly but surely moved to the EU and the eurozone. Specifically, the market's attention has zoomed in on the weaker members of the pack in the form of Greece, Spain and Ireland.Most recently, the situation in Greece and Spain has been the centre of attention and, especially in relation to Greece, the pressure has been mounting. The country now faces a tough administered reform package either pushed through by the EU or the IMF, its only alternative being an outright default that would have grave consequences not only for Greece, but also for the eurozone and the EU.In principle, however, none of the eurozone economies are in stellar economic form, but some are definitely in worse shape than others. For Greece and Spain the situation is simple. Years of above-average increases in inflation and wages have eroded competitiveness and produced large current account deficits. Coupled with ongoing budget deficits (to a lesser extent in Spain) this means that these economies have little or no defence against the adverse effects of a global financial crisis.However, this is not only about Greece and Spain. Portugal has the same symptoms as its southern European brethren. In particular, worries in the market point towards the fact that as the budget deficit in 2009 and 2010 is set to climb to close to 10% of national income and with a current account deficit in the region of 9% of GDP, Portugal may soon face the same headwinds as Greece as it tries to put its government bonds on the market in a grand scale.The _NULL_

    • Michael Tomasky: Intellectual consistency can be overrated
      When we write about libertarianism, most liberals feel compelled to say something like, you know, I disagree with that viewpoint, but I respect that it's principled and intellectually consistent.I say balderdookey. Libertarianism is kookoo. There can be no such thing as a basically stateless society (except for national defense and barest administration of law, I think are the exceptions they typically allow for). It's just ridiculous. Civil society would collapse without the state.I've written this before, a few months ago. Conservatives, and libertarians, seem to think that we have regulations in this society because we have a bunch of underemployed pencil pushers sitting around dreaming up ways to make small business people's lives miserable.It's ridiculous. We have regulations because throughout history people in various pursuits did really sleazy and unethical things. They swindled investors, they dumped toxins into bodies of water, they made children work long hours for slave wages. Et cetera. And so laws were passed and regulations were written.And unfortunately such is man's endless capacity for sleaze and unethicality that this process will never end: as technology presents new ways to be sleazy, we'll always need to invent new ways to prevent sleaze from happening.Yes, fine. Some regulations are onerous. Liberals should always be sensitive to legitimate concerns along these lines.But you need a state. Time and history have proven no one else will perform these tasks.So there's nothing in the least inellectually respectable about libertarianism. Intellectually consistent? Great. So was Goebbels. That doesn't mean much to me.We all support a few libertarian-ish principles; we all agree that the state should have some limits. For example, I think it's perfectly f 私たちは約リバタリアニズムを書く、最もリベラル何かのように、あなたが、私は視点に反対するけど、私は尊重してそれが理にかなっている知的consistent.Iはbalderdookeyと答えを得ないと感じる

    • Face to faith | Ian Bradley
      Liberals across all faiths should create a coalition to turn the fundamentalist tideThe compromises of coalition government are presenting many of us who are political liberals with the unsettling prospect of seeing cherished principles watered down in favour of policies driven by conservative ideology. For theological liberals this is an all too familiar state of affairs. For much of the last hundred years theological conservatism and its close ally, fundamentalism, have been in the ascendant across the world's major faiths, and liberalism in steady retreat.The consequences of this are all too clear to see: rising levels of bigotry within and across faiths, judgmental attitudes leaving no room for generous, fuzzy broad-mindedness, and an obsessive interest in sexual behaviour expressed especially in rampant homophobia.Increasingly, the divisions within Christianity are not denominational but rather between liberals and conservatives. Powerful new alliances are being forged between Roman Catholics, evangelical Protestants and Pentecostalists against abortion, homosexuality and liberalising social and cultural tendencies. It is not inconceivable that fundamentalist Muslims and Jews will soon also be entering these coalitions.What can those of a liberal theological inclination do in the face of this fundamentalist tide? We, too, need to band together across both denominational and faith boundaries. There are strong liberal traditions within all three of the great monotheistic faiths. In Judaism it is the rabbinic approach of imaginative interpretation of the Torah, so different from the literalism of the scribes and the Pharisees with whom Jesus clashed. In Christianity it is that grace-filled universalist impulse that stretches back from the Broad Church movement of the 自由党はすべての宗教者大事原則を政策保守的なイデオロギーによって駆動に有利な水で見ることの不安の見通しとの政治的リベラルている私たちの多くを提示さ連立政権の原理tideTheの妥協を有効にするために作成してください

    • Europe can lead on the world stage | Carl Bildt
      If the EU stays true to its principles its can set a model for global governance and sustainable globalisationHistory often moves with small steps, but such steps sometimes turn out to have big implications.Once Spain finishes its six-month presidency, it will hand the job over to the EU's new permanent structures, established in Brussels in accordance with the Lisbon treaty. What might look like a small step for mankind is certainly a giant leap for Europe. Those with a sense of history will also see the significance of Europe's nation states – who not long ago fought each other continuously – now pooling their foreign policies in order to assert themselves more vigorously on the global stage.The years since the European revolutions of 1989 have been a period of extraordinary success for the rapidly evolving EU. The union has expanded from only 12 members then to 27 today, and has brought stability and new prosperity to approximately 100 million people in the eastern and central parts of the continent. The introduction of the euro by a number of them – Estonia is likely to follow shortly – has also been a remarkable success story.It is, to a large degree, the magnetism of the EU model that, during these two decades, transformed Europe from perhaps the world's leading security problem to one of the most important global partners on virtually any issue.But what the future will bring is by no means predetermined. In essence, it boils down to whether Europe in the decades ahead will be seen as a model for the future or as a museum of the past. Decisions taken during the next few years will be crucial to determining the outcome.To be a model for the future, Europe's governments and peoples must remain committed to an open Europe in an open world. In more practical terms, th 場合は、EUが多くの小さな一歩とが、移動などの手順も大きなimplications.Onceスペインは6カ月の大統領選挙が終了するということが分かると、仕事の手をして、グローバルガバナンスと持続可能なglobalisationHistoryのためのモデルを設定することができます、その原則を忠実にEUの新常任理事国の構造には、以上のブリュッセルに基づき、リスボン条約を結んで設立しました

    • The best law news and analysis on the web - at guardian.co.uk/law | Afua Hirsch
      Welcome to the Guardian's new law website - for breaking news and groundbreaking commentThere are so many ways of bringing law to a wider audience. You can make a music video. You can go head-to-head with a famous blogger with whom you disagree (sometimes anyway) on some substantial issues of law and principle, as Henry Porter and I did on our recent blog.But at the Guardian we are bringing more law to more people by writing brilliant news, features and analysis on all of the most important law stories of the day – all at our new website www.guardian.co.uk/law. We have launched this site because law matters. It matters for people who want to challenge the power of the state to do anything, from closing a care home to taking the country to war. It matters to people who claim bullying or discrimination at work, and for the employers who dispute it. It matters to voters who question the power of the courts to interpret decisions made by democratically elected politicians. It matters to politicians, constrained by the rule of law, on what they are allowed to do. It matters to people concerned that ancient principles of liberty have been swept away by fear about the threat of terrorism and the draconian responses of the executive.The law matters to people who read books or watch films, vulnerable to the effects of libel law. It matters to families going through divorces or care proceedings relating to their children. It matters to anyone who cares about domestic violence, or war crimes, or the constantly evolving trends in international law and human rights. These are the stories and issues which the Guardian covers like no other newspaper and on this new website, you'll find even more; from class-actions to crime, privacy to personal injury. There will be in-depth interview ようこそはガーディアンの新しい法律のWebサイトに - ニュース速報と画期的なcommentThere幅広い視聴者に法律を持ってくるので、多くの方法があります

    • World Press Freedom Day reminds us that information is democracy's oxygen | Agnès Callamard
      Many journalists pay a high price for the public's right to knowToday is World Press Freedom Day and there is much to celebrate in a world where affordable and fast technologies enable journalists to break news and report from all the corners of the world in real time.There is also much to be concerned about, as journalists, photographers, bloggers and other writers face increasing risks to their personal safety in many parts of the globe where illegitimate regimes and criminal cartels push back against the brave efforts of media workers to report human rights abuses, corruption, environmental degradation and criminal activity.This year, World Press Freedom Day focuses on freedom of information and the basic right to access information which is at the heart of media freedom. This refers to the principle that governments, public bodies and other organisations have a duty to share the information they hold, based on the public's right to be informed.Article 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression has long worked to promote the public's right to know and we believe that freedom of information is one of the sharpest instruments in the investigative journalist's toolbox.In Britain, the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal was a seminal example of the ways in which freedom of information laws allowed one dedicated journalist, Heather Brooke, to demand and expose details of corruption that rocked the political establishment. Brooke succeeded in her arduous task because the law was on her side, but she had to get past umpteen obstacles erected in her path by political leaders unwilling to endure public scrutiny.Because these events happened in Britain, and there are many democratic safeguards in place in this country, the only personal consequences for Brooke during this long in 多くのジャーナリストがknowTodayに国民の権利のために大きな代償を払う世界報道自由の日は、ですが、世界のどこに手頃な価格で高速技術は、ジャーナリストがニュースやリアルタイムtime.There世界のすべてのコーナーからのレポートを破ることができます祝うために多くのは、また、多くのですが詳細については、その個人の安全ジャーナリスト、写真家、ブロガー、そして、他の作家に直面増加リスクとして、不法な政権と犯罪カルテルに戻るメディア関係者の勇敢な努力人権侵害を報告するに逆らって進む世界の多くの部分で心配する、腐敗、環境の悪化や犯罪activity.This年度は、世界報道自由の日は、情報の自由に焦点を当て、メディアの自由の中心にある情報にアクセスする基本的な権利

    • Letters: Greece's economic problems and euro threats are exaggerated
      Joseph Stiglitz's article (A principled Europe would not leave Greece to bleed, 25 January) and your leader (Under a Byzantine shroud, 30 January) offer quite a sensible analysis of Greece's recent economic troubles. Some other international press coverage vastly ­exaggerates the problem.The European Central Bank's dogmatic hardline euro policy, at a time of severe recession, is responsible not only for Greece's loss of competitiveness, which led to the twin deficits, but also for a really bad European export performance. This has been reduced by $109.1bn (€78.3bn) in the past 12 months. The recession is seriously testing the euro.Greece is a small part of the euro area, 2.7%, with roughly 3.9% of euro-area public debt. It is indeed in serious trouble, and various domestic factors, such as its rigid product markets, its tremendous public waste and, above all, its incompetent political elite, have offered plenty of room for extended international discontent. Ho。。ever, Greek GDP declined by 1.1% in 2009, from 2.9% in 2008, less than the average fall in the euro area, and much less than that of some countries. Also, the rise in the debt-GDP ratio for Greece from 2007 to 2011 will be 39.8% points – bad, you may say. But compare it with the UK's 44% points, Ireland's 71.1% points, Spain's 37.9% points, and the US's 35.7% points. Not quite the tragedy some people allude to!As for the risk of bankruptcy, which many believe may lead to an exit from the euro area, the current level of Greek indebtedness in both the private and public sectors is already comparable to those of the euro area countries. According to IMF data, Greece's average total indebtedness, private and public, is about 179% of GDP. The EU's average is 175%; Belgium's 219%; Ireland's 222%; Italy's 194%; the Neth ジョセフスティグリッツの記事(原則的なヨーロッパギリシャ、1月25日)とあなたのリーダーは、ビザンチンシュラウド(の下で、1月30日)ギリシャの最近の経済危機はかなり賢明な分析を提供して出血を残していないだろう

    • Measuring risk: As the dust settles | Editorial
      We remain in a state of confusion over the threat posed by volcanic ashHas aviation been grounded and tourism tripped up just as the holiday season is starting by European bureaucrats whose governing principle is to ban anything even remotely risky in case they should get blamed later on? Has the nanny state, in other words, been responsible for the fact that your nan has been stuck in Las Palmas? With an end to the ban in prospect because the eruption is subsiding, this is what some airline executives and a number of grumpy commentators have come close to saying. The truth lies elsewhere, and, while it does not reflect that well on governments here or on the aviation industry, this has not been a simple case of overreaction.We remain in a state of confusion over the threat posed by volcanic ash because the basic scientific and technical work needed to measure it more accurately has not yet been done. It has not been done in part because it has not been funded, and in part because competing scientific projects have taken precedence. There is as a result considerable uncertainty on the two fundamental questions of how to gauge more exactly the amount of volcanic material in the atmosphere, and, having gauged it, how to decide what amount aircraft can cope with and what presents a serious danger.That danger was first dramatised in 1982 when a British Airways 747 lost its engines flying over Indonesia during an eruption. Over the years since, an international institutional framework for early warning of volcanic events has been put in place, but progress on the satellite instrumentation needed for accurate measurement of volcanic clouds and on the testing of jet engines to see what levels they can tolerate has not been so rapid. It is perhaps symptomatic that Dr Fred Prata 我々は、混乱の状態に脅威火山ashHas航空によってもたらされる以上の接地されて、観光と同様のホリデーシーズンは、その原理を支配するも、リモートで危険な場合には彼らは後に非難を受ける必要があります何を禁じている欧州官。開始していますがつまずいたままですか?他の言葉で、事実あなたのナンは、ラスパルマスで立ち往生されているを担当して乳母の状態ていますか?見通しの禁止に終止符を噴火は、これは沈下であるため、何人かの航空会社の幹部と不機嫌そうなコメンテーターの数が近いというようになった

    • Pre-empting home-grown terrorists | Thomas de Maizière
      Prevention is better than repression, and we must do everything in our power to guide radicalised Muslims back into our societyIslamist terrorism has in recent years become central to security policy in Germany and many other western countries. The terrorists' intention is to sow mistrust and stoke fears; their aim is to weaken the democratic rule of law and to shatter citizens' confidence in public institutions. Governments are determined to prevent this, but the reality is that frequent terror alerts tend to increase rather than reduce insecurity among our people.The debates across Europe on new security laws to fight terrorism have sometimes created the false image that states threaten rather than protect their citizens' freedom. In fact, the often-assumed conflict between freedom and public security does not exist.Freedom and public security are not irreconcilable opposites. They complement and even depend on each other. Public security is a prerequisite for freedom, and protecting freedom is at the core of a democratic state's responsibility for public security.A state's monopoly on the use of force is justified if citizens can rely on it to ensure their security. The prevention of threats, along with law enforcement that involves prosecuting offenders, are crucial responsibilities, but they do not require, as a matter of principle, ever-newer security laws.Of course, security authorities need suitable tools to fight terrorism. As terrorists take advantage of new technologies, the legal and technical means used by security authorities must adapt accordingly. But terrorism cannot be fought by the security authorities alone.Prevention is better than repression. We should do everything in our power to avoid radicalisation, to interrupt radicalisation processes early, 予防抑圧よりはましだ、と我々の力に戻る当社のsocietyIslamistテロリズムにradicalisedイスラム教徒のガイドにすべてを行う必要がありますが、近年のセキュリティポリシーに、ドイツおよび他の多くの西側諸国の中央になります

    • Guardian Daily podcast: First woman director wins and Oscar; plus appeal judges consider rendition secrecy case
      Kathryn Bigelow becomes the first woman to win the director's prize at the Oscars and her film The Hurt Locker took six prizes. Geoffrey Fletcher is the first African American screen writer ever to win, for Precious. Jason Solomons leads our film team through the show. The government has refused to comment on reports that Jon Venables, one of the killers of the toddler James Bulger, was returned to prison for alleged child pornography offences. Reporter Peter Walker explains why.An estimated 70% of voters turned out in Iraq's parliamentary election yesterday despite bombs and rockets that killed 25 in Baghdad. Martin Chulov reports from the Iraqi capital.The Roman Catholic church has joined the pre-election fray, publishing a document which it says identifies our society's values. The Archbishop of Cardiff, Peter Smith, tells the Guardian's religious affairs correspondent Riazat Butt what the Church is saying to Catholics during the election campaign.The government says it's still committed to getting Iceland to repay £2.3bn despute a referendum in Iceland showing overwhelming opposition against repayment. Financial reporter Simon Bowers has just returned from Reykjavik.The government is attempting today to have a case about torture held entirely behind closed doors, which some lawyers say would override ancient principles of English law. Afua Hirsch, our legal affairs correspondent, examines the arguments.Jon DennisPhil MaynardTim MabyJason Phipps キャスリンビグローは、アカデミー賞と彼女の映画ハートロッカーで監督賞を獲得するのは初めての女性になる6つの賞をした

    • Climate science: Truth and tribalism
      The truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. It is the mantra of the courtroom, but it is also the motivating ideal of good science – as well as good journalism. The Guardian's special report into the leaked emails between climate scientists has revealed as many roughnesses, pimples and warts as any Cromwellian portrait. In and among (plentiful) electronic evidence of the University of East Anglia researchers going about their job diligently, we have uncovered an abject failure to ensure essential records were kept on Chinese weather stations, determined manoeuvring to exclude critics from leading journals and international reports, and suggestions of deleting potentially embarrassing correspondence with a view to evading the Freedom of Information Act.For a newspaper that prides itself on leading the fight to fix the climate, avoiding such a forthright interrogation of the scientific pr。­cesses on which our call for action ultimately depends might have been more comfortable – comfortable but wrong. The reality is that 4,660 files from East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit are in the public domain. The pragmatic argument runs that it is better that these should be evaluated seriously, methodically and in proper context, rather than hyped and distorted on the blogosphere. The principled argument, however, is more powerful still. Scientific progress comes through free and frank debate, the bedrock of truth being revealed only after every muddying stratum above it has been penetrated and cleared away. Indeed, the settled core of our knowledge on climate – the fact of increasing atmospheric carbon, the rising temperature trend, and the heat-trapping mechanism linking the two – has acquired the terrific authority it now possesses precisely because it has been forced 真実は、全体の真実とは何が真実

    • Secularism and bigotry | Andrew Brown
      The churches cannot concede equality of treatment to gay people, but they will have a hard time defending themselvesThe government's defeat last night in the House of Lords may prove a pyrrhic victory of the Church of England. Eight serving bishops and Lord Carey, the former Archbishop of Canterbury, voted for the decisive amendment (100) which was carried by five votes. Lord Harries of Pentregarth, the former Bishop of Oxford, voted against. So it seems reasonable to suppose that it would not have been carried without the bishops; and it was proposed by three of them. Although the argument was carried on on a plane of exalted principle, there is no doubt that in practice the fight was about the right of churches and other religious organisations to discriminate against gay employees. This right already exists; the European Court of justice, prodded by the National Secular society, decided it was too widely drawn. So the government attempted to define the kinds of post to which it could apply. At this point it becomes difficult to believe either side. The government claimed that the new wording changed nothing; the churches said that if it changed nothing, it was unnecessary. There was also a hysterical and completely untrue campaign to the effect that the legislation would prevent Catholics from keeping an all-male priesthood, and similar things. That was never the case. The argument is about the ability of religious bodies to discriminate among their lay employees on the basis of their beliefs. In practice, it seems to be entirely about gay people and whether they can sue for wrongful discrimination. But it's clear that the government felt it had to change to comply with the European legal ruling, which answers the Church's question; and it seems likely that the secu 教会の同性愛者の待遇の平等を認めることはできませんが、イングランドの教会の弱弱格の勝利になるかもしれないのに苦労themselvesThe政府の敗北を守る貴族の最後の夜になります

    • Obama and Dalai Lama set date to meet
      Postponed meeting likely to inflame tensions with ChinaBarack Obama is due to meet the Dalai Lama at the White House next Thursday, a meeting likely to inflame tensions between China and the US.China accuses the exiled monk of pushing for Tibetan independence and believes shunning him should be a basic principle of international relations.Obama put off a meeting with him in October, when US officials said that the issue of Tibet could be better addressed at a summit in November between Obama and the Chinese president, Hu Jintao, if China was not furious over a recent meeting between the Dalai Lama and Obama.Barack ObamaUnited StatesDalai LamaChinaTibetguardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010 | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds 延期会議ChinaBarackオバマ氏との緊張を煽るためにホワイトハウスの次の木曜日には、会議、中国とUS.China間の緊張を煽る可能性が高いのは、ダライラマに会うために可能性が高いとチベットの独立を押下すると、亡命中の僧侶を非。彼を遠ざけると考えている必要があります国際relations.Obamaの基本的な原則が昨年10月に彼と一緒に会合を延期するときに米政府当局者が中国ではなかったが、チベットの問題をよりオバマ氏と中国国家主席、胡錦濤国家主席の間に11月の首脳会談で、対処できるというダライラマとObama.Barack ObamaUnited StatesDalai LamaChinaTibetguardian.co.uk ©ガーディアンニュース&メディアリミテッド2010 |このコンテンツの利用との間の最近の会議で猛烈なGoogleの利用規約が適用されます|ほかのフィード

    • France shows it can deal with death | Andrew Brown
      Britain would do well to follow the French example and pay people who take time off to look after a dying relative or partnerThe French state is not famous for sensitivity and tact, but this morning the parliament voted unanimously for a remarkably imaginative measure to make dying easier there. People who take time off to look after a relative or partner close to death will be entitled to an payment of €50 (£44) a day for 21 days. At a time when English politicians argue about a death tax, the French have got on and established a subsidy for the dying.It's not a huge sum of money. I don't think that's the point. There are incidental expenses and inconveniences when someone is dying but they are seldom immense. They matter far less than the grief and exhaustion which attend almost every deathbed. What the payment does is to register the state's belief that to tend a dying friend or relative is a worthwhile activity, which should be honoured and not needlessly impeded.This is a much more practical approach, and more compassionate, too, than grandstanding about principles and rights as we have been doing in this country for the last few weeks. Discussions about euthanasia in Britain are mostly conducted on the basis of individual hard cases, but the French law takes account of the fact that even a death that ends well can be hard and terrible for the people around. It is also work. To that extent a subsidy for the work done at the end of life is something the state – society – should pay just as it pays us around the time our children are born.Like funerals, the French arrangement recognises that death affects the living all around the dead person, and they require help and acknowledgement to carry on. That may sound cynical, but I think it is purely realistic. We no long 英国やフランスの例に倣う者とオフに死んで相対パスまたはpartnerTheフランス語状態の世話に時間がかかる人が支払うの感度とタクトは有名ではないが、かと今朝は、議会、全会一致で非常に想像力の測定を容易に死ぬことに賛成したそこに

    • Michael Tomasky: The Baradar capture
      This is huge, is it not? It's not every day you capture the Taliban's number two man. In fact, it's not ever, until last week, when it apparently happened. It's amazing because the view here in the states has been that we've made precious little progress penetrating the Quetta Shura, the name for the Taliban's military leadership.It's doubly amazing because it was done in coordination with the ISI. The ISI? Wow. If Pakistan's intelligence agency is really now cooperating with US forces against the Taliban and al-Qaida, then that is a very huge deal indeed.And it's triply amazing, of course, because as every right-thinking person knows, Barack Obama is soft on terrorism and wants America to fail. I wonder what Dick Cheney will have to say today. Something tells me he'll duck interviews for a few days. Except for Fox of course, which will tee up his toxic propaganda in whatever form he wishes.Now that we have Baradar in custody, as the attackerman points out, it's vitally important that we get good intel out of the guy:The ultimate point of fighting the Taliban is to compel them to give up fighting and accept some version of a post-Taliban order in Afghanistan. Torturing Baradar — which the Pakistanis have been known to do — is counterproductive to that effort. If we treat the guy respectfully, in a demonstrated way, it might spur a reconsideration of Taliban goals. I am not counting any chickens, but any hope of a game-changing possibility will be foreclosed upon if we or our allies torture Baradar. Let's be smart — and true to Obama's stated principles/executive order. If there was any doubt whatsoever, the Abdulmutallab case proved we don't need to torture to get good intelligence.I don't honestly know what would spur a reconsideration of Taliban goals. But I do feel f これは、そうではありません巨大な何ですか?それはあなたのタリバンの数は2人のキャプチャは毎日ではありません

    • Prisoners' votes aren't a trivial cause | Ben Gunn
      We shy away from examining the role prisons play in society – granting inmates their voting rights would be an important stepWith Britain's standing in the small community of decent nations and the legality of the general election at stake, even the most cynical of observers may have expected the government to resolve the issue of the prisoners' vote.As the election approaches, the sharper and more unavoidable the issue becomes. It is even possible that the failure to address the legal judgments made in favour of prisoners may render the election unlawful. The government has been repeatedly warned of this consequence by the parliamentary all-party human rights group and the committee of ministers of the Council of Europe.Who would have thought, five years ago, a legal and political outcast called John Hirst could resurrect a debate about the nature of our democracy and citizenship that has seemingly ended with the introduction of the universal franchise?Hirst had a particular status that endowed him with a peculiar legal status. He was serving a life sentence for manslaughter. As with all prisoners, he was denied the vote. Unlike most of his peers, he objected to this situation and challenged the law through to the European court of human rights. The government lost its argument in 2005, appealed, and lost again. The court argued that the ability to vote was such a fundamental component of a democratic society that Britain's blanket ban on prisoners voting was unlawful.A government founded on some firm political ideology or principle would, at that point five years ago, called upon its strength of principle and resolved the issue. It may have caused short-term political difficulty, but this would have passed.Instead, the government indulged in obfuscation and delay. It 私達は、ロールの刑務所を調べるから内気な社会の中でプレイ-その議決権比率ではまともな国の小さなコミュニティーで重要なstepWith英国の立って、一般的な選挙の合法性になる受刑者を付与するも、ほとんどのオブザーバーの冷笑的な見込みがある政府は、捕虜vote.As選挙が近づくの問題を解決するために多くの問題は避けられない鮮明になります

    • Gordon Brown | A vote to give politics back
      I will do everything I can to secure a referendum to let the people decide on electoral reformThere is a paradox at the heart of our politics today. Never has the need for politics to ­effect change been greater, but never has trust in politicians and the ­political process been at a lower ebb. People across Britain are still outraged by the expenses crisis, and by what they regard as a betrayal of trust by some of their elected representatives. Many of our citizens either do not vote at all or have been tempted by the fringes and the extremes. That is why I believe that the way we do politics needs to change. And it is why I believe now is the time to take action.Since 1997, we have delivered devolution to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. We have provided a mayor for London. We have created the independent supreme court, and guaranteed individual liberties through the Human Rights Act. We have created an independent regulator for parliamentary standards. Next we are ending the outdated hereditary principle in the House of Lords. These are important changes of which progressives can be proud. But the cause of renewing our politics has been put back by the damage of the expenses scandal.That is why I want to launch a rallying call for a new progressive politics. To be blunt, we need to give politics back to the people. We need the people to know it's their parliament, not ours. As part of this I believe it is time to look afresh at the electoral system. Can we enhance the mandate of the constituency MP, as well as engaging people further in the choice they have at the ballot box?I believe we can now build a progressive consensus in favour of change, so we will bring forward legislation to hold a referendum on moving to the alternative vote system, which should be he 私は、人々の選挙reformThereを決定できるように国民投票を確保するためできる限りのことを行います我々の政治の中心地でのパラドックスは本日です

    • CBRC urges reasonable control for credit expansion
      Chairman of the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) Liu Mingkang said January 26 that financial banking institutions must reasonably control new loans in accordance with the effective needs of the real economy and prudent principles. Liu stressed that each financial banking institution should comprehensively evaluate and effectively prevent the risks related to the financing platforms of local governments, strengthen the tracking and review of extended loans, promote the development of ... 会長は、中国銀行業監督管理委員会(CBRC、銀)劉Mingkang 1月26日は、金融、金融機関が合理的に実体経済と賢明な原。劉の効果的なニーズに応じて新規融資を制御する必要がありますによると、各金融金融機関の総合的かつ効果的に評価する必要性を強調は、追跡および拡。借款の見直しを強化し、開発を促進するリスクを地方公共団体の資金調達のプラットフォームに関連するよう...

    • S Korea not to seek inter-Korean summit just for summit's sake: gov't
      South Korean President Lee Myung-bak 's remark that he is always ready and willing to meet with the leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is only a reiteration of his principle, the presidential office said Friday. Cheong Wa Dae's explanation comes after Lee, who is attending the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Switzerland, said in an interview with the British public broadcaster BBC that there is no reason not to meet with DPRK leader Kim Jong Il this year, if doing so wou ... 韓国の李明博イミョンバク。。u0026#39;発言は、彼は常に準備され、民主主義人民共和国(北朝鮮)の指導者と会談し、喜んで掲載彼の原則のみを反復されると、大統領府の金曜日、大統領府の説明をした。後に、誰が、世界経済フォーラム(WEF)はスイスで予定されている英国の公共放送BBCとのインタビューではない北朝鮮の金正日総書記は今年を満たしていない理由がない場合、やっているので、ウー..来る

    • State of the union needs more than rhetoric | Michael Tomasky
      Barack Obama's state of the union address must focus on the facts. Here are the three main areas it should coverHow high are the stakes for Barack Obama's first state of the union address? They're high all right, but in a different way from most major Obama speeches in the past.The pattern has been: trouble arises, whether on the issue of race (during the campaign) or how on earth a wartime president could be awarded the world's most prestigious peace prize (during his presidency). A big speech is planned. Obama either nails it (the race speech) or at least comes up with language that nearly everyone concedes is thoughtful and serious (the Nobel lecture). The result in both of those cases, and others, was that Obama was able to finesse the hanging questions with rhetoric: statements of abstract principles, acknowledgement of contradiction and nuance, broad visionary assessments of where the country and world are and where they ought to go.For a state of the union speech – any one, but this one more than most – rhetoric won't suffice. The situation he faces now, teetering at the midpoint in polls and facing the loss of the (allegedly) bullet-proof Senate super-majority, is about facts. It's about the reality he is in, and how he is going to respond to it. This speech won't be judged on the basis of the capital-V Vision, but on the clarity of eyesight about very concrete things.There are, it seems to me, three main areas he needs to cover. Let's have a look at them.The economyThe key economic point of the speech will be the announcement of a three-year freeze in non-security-related domestic spending programmes. This has the political left in America up in arms, and understandably so: it is widely viewed as a capitulation to the deficit hawks in the administration, a reve _NULL_

    • Will Self, Sebald, the holocaust | Andrew Brown
      Does holocaust memorial day diminish and trivialise our response to unimaginable evil?I wasn't taking notes during Will Self's W.G. Sebald memorial lecture on Monday night, so I don't have anything verbatim to quote, but he did argue that Britain should not have decided to observe holocaust memorial day. He thought that Germany absolutely should do so; but that British (and by extension, American) observation of the day was corrupted by smugness. After all, an important point about the holocaust, when considered from a purely British point of view, is that we didn't do it.But a true and awful lesson of the genocide (I think Self meant) is that we, or any other nation, might have done it ourselves. The example he gave, with supporting evidence from Conrad, was boring little Belgium and its horrendous crimes in the Congo; but there are some episodes in British history where we were at best complacent about avoidable mass killing, though they did not often involve war and the only ones that I can think of were a couple of famines and the African slave trade. But any nation prepared to use nuclear weapons against civilian populations in a first strike cannot be said to have set its face against genocide in principle. Genocide, as Self said, is something that humans have quite often done to other humans. None of this should suggest that he was talking down the evil of what had happened. On the contrary, his point was that our smugness, our own relief that we were not the perpetrators, acts itself to diminish the horror and the put it out of its proper, towering proportion. His argument would certainly apply as much against the competitive victimology of some Muslim and anti-Israeli rhetoric.I think he's right. It seems to me that the moral significance of the holocaust is no _NULL_


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